Yesterday, we got reacquainted with our favorite childhood toys. For today's Nostalgia Week guest post, we're turning our focus to another childhood obsession (for most of us, anyway): candy!
Samira Kawash's Candy: A Century of Panic and Pleasure is a scrumptious, sweeping history of sweet treats that includes the early days of mass production, its eventual entanglement with morality and how it became downright vilified by a diet-obsessed culture. This fascinating account of a candy crazed nation is certain to satisfy your craving for an entertaining and informative read. Here's Samira with more on the book and some interesting tidbits she learned while writing it:
" src="http://www.bookpage.com/the-book-case/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Kawash-SamiraCTamara-Staples-250x240.jpg" width="250" height="240" />
Candy: sometimes it seems like such an innocent pleasure. But then we worry: Will it rot my teeth? Make me fat? Ruin my dinner?
The ambivalence around candy really came home to me when my daughter was about three years old. Should I let her eat it? When and how much? I began to realize that I had grown up with a very confused message about how candy was both very desirable and very bad. My own confusion as a parent seemed reflected in many others’ experiences. It seemed to me that there was something interesting going on there, and I wanted to figure out what it was.
My research led me back to the earliest days of what I call “industrial candy,” that is, candy made in factories in mass quantities. Candy grabbed hold of the American imagination and stomach in the early decades of the 20th century, yet at the same time, there were many reasons Americans were suspicious about candy: It was a new kind of food; it was entirely artificial; and it offered pleasure and stimulation in ways that made some people who were influenced by religious moralism feel very uneasy.
Candy uncovers this untold history, both bright and dark. Here are some of the surprising stories about candy that I learned along the way.
• Early nutrition research in the 19th century identified sugar as a significant source of quick energy. The German military experimented with candy rations and discovered significant advantages for endurance and strength. By the early 1900s, U.S. and British forces were generously provisioned with candy. The number one favorite was lemon drops, which candy makers produced to a precise U.S. government formula.
• The quantity of inexpensive candy available to ordinary Americans exploded in the 1880s. Not everyone celebrated. Early candy critics warned that cheap candy was poison candy. Reformers alleged that candy routinely included noxious or toxic ingredients and fillers, including boot black, floor scrapings, glue, plaster of paris, arsenic and iron rust. Hundreds of alleged poisonings were blamed on bad candy. The evidence? None to be found.
• Candy bars combining ingredients like nuts, nougats, caramel, marshmallow and chocolate were an exciting new sensation in the 1920s. They were portable, convenient and affordable: the perfect food for a nation on the go. Classics like Snickers and Milky Way got their start in this era. But thousands more were offered to a candy eating public hungry for novelty. The bars are long gone, but the names remain. Silly names like Snirkles and Damfino. Salacious names like Fat Emma, Big Dick, Hot Liza and Love Nest. And even substantive names that evoked more nutritive meals: Denver Sandwich, Chicken Dinner and Spud.
• The Oh! Henry candy bar was one of the top sellers in the 1920s. The secret to success? Creative marketing, including a campaign to encourage women to use the bar in novel ways. One suggestion: to “slice and serve,” transforming the rugged bar into a dainty delicacy. Another idea: cooking with Oh! Henry candy bars. Recipes for desserts, breakfast treats and even savory and vegetable dishes enhanced with Oh! Henry bars were collected in “60 Ways to Serve a Famous Candy.” Candy salad, anyone?
• Candy’s popularity led inevitably to a dietary backlash. Lulu Hunt Peters was the first American author to popularize the idea of dieting by counting calories in her 1918 bestseller Diet and Health, with Key to the Calories. Candy was, for Peters, an especially pernicious temptation. She warned: “When you see a pound of candy you would like, don’t think of it as candy, but as a lump of fat annexed to your fattest spot. If you have any candy around, and can’t give it away, throw it away.” But more Americans were eager to follow the advice of the candy industry promoters: “Candy is Delicious Food! Enjoy some every day.”
[Images from Candy, used with permission.]
Journalist Wil S. Hylton has had stories featured in New York Times Magazine, Harper’s, Esquire and Rolling Stone, but did you know he has a new book in stores Nov. 5? In Vanished: The Sixty-Year Search for the Missing Men of World War II, Hylton follows a mysterious and perplexing story. On September 1, 1944, 11 members of the U.S. Navy disappeared during a 453 Bomber flight over the Pacific island nation of Palau. For 60 years, this sudden disappearance received little attention and little investigation, until Hylton decided it was time to dig in.
Using information from underwater archaeology, medical doctors, military historians, eyewitness accounts from island locals and even poignant insight from the families of the missing, Vanished proves to be a rewarding venture into the past.
Check out this neat trailer (with plenty of Indiana Jones-style flair!) and learn more about the upcoming book.
Is there a more nostalgia-inducing holiday than Halloween? Whether it's of a particularly creative (although slightly itchy, perhaps) costume or an impressively large candy haul, Halloween memories have a tendency to make us wistful for days gone by.
Welcome to Nostalgia Week on The Book Case. Each day this week, we'll be featuring a guest post by the author of a recent book that's sure to induce nostalgia of some sort–whether it's for candy, TV shows, movies or more.
Today's post is by Christopher Byrne, author of Toy Time! Brimming with color photographs, this super-fun book features profiles of the biggest toy sensations from the 1940s up through the 1980s, including Chatty Cathy, Slip 'N Slide, Lite-Brite, Hot Wheels, Transformers and dozens more. It's time to get reacquainted with your favorite childhood toys. It's Toy Time! Here's Christopher:
Toys have an amazing power—in childhood and, it turns out, throughout one’s life. We never forget the toys we wanted, the toys we had, the toys we didn’t get. These toys and the memories of them become part of our identities, and over the years I’ve had the pleasure of hearing many stories, both hilarious and heartbreaking about favorite toys.
For Boomers and beyond, toys are cultural markers that are very specific to their time, more so than any other product. Our toys have a totemic power, and revisiting or reflecting on them touches the deep and powerful connection each of us has to our childhood. I talked to hundreds of people in person—and hundreds more online—in creating Toy Time!, and I was always surprised and delighted by the power and vibrancy of these memories. How did we choose these toys? Well, the current buzzword is “crowd sourcing,” but really, we just talked to folks as we put this collection together, selecting toys that had cultural significance and shaped thousands of childhoods. Here are some things you may not know about some of those classic toys:
• Twister was about to be pulled by retailers for lack of interest—until Johnny Carson and Eva Gabor played it on “The Tonight Show.” On the game’s 30th anniversary, Regis Philbin and Dolly Parton recreated that legendary competition.
• Major Matt Mason, Mattel’s astronaut answer to Hasbro’s G.I. Joe, went into space for real in 1998 along with John Glenn on his final shuttle mission aboard the Discovery.
• Silly Putty was famous for being able to pick up images from newspapers. But it won’t do it any more. Not because Silly Putty has changed, but today’s newsprint uses different inks that don’t transfer. Hands stay cleaner, but Silly Putty has lost a little.
• Strawberry Shortcake’s friend Raspberry Tart got a new name—Raspberry Torte. Seems like there was a bit of sensitivity about whether or not her moniker could give her a questionable reputation, ushering in the age of hypersensitivity about things of this nature.
• Trivial Pursuit came about as a result of an argument between two friends, Scott Abbot and Chris Haney, over who had the better grasp of trivia. Between 1983 and 1985, more than 30 million games were produced, so it looks like they both won.
[Images from Toy Time! Used with permission.]
Goodbye to All That: Writers on Loving and Leaving New York
Edited by Sari Botton
Seal Press • $16 • ISBN 9781580054942
Published October 8, 2013
The love affair between writers and New York City goes way back. Taking its title from a 1967 Joan Didion essay, Goodbye to All That features musings by a stellar list of 28 women writers sharing their own experiences of NYC—discussing the initial allure, eventual disillusionment (for some) and everything in between.
Ann Hood writes about the magnetic pull she felt toward the city from an early age and how when she finally arrived "it felt as if all my cells settled into place . . . and I became exactly who I was supposed to be." Emma Straub writes about growing up in NYC, "my jungle gym and playmate all at once." And Cheryl Strayed shares how she eventually realized that "much as I loved it, I wasn't truly in love."
Reading these brief, intimate essays feels like you're chatting—commiserating, in my case, since I inhabited NYC for six years—with a friend over coffee. Here's an excerpt from Ann Hood's essay, "Manhattan, Always Out of Reach":
My first apartment was at 228 Sullivan Street, in a former convent painted pink, its Caribbean exterior a sharp contrast to all the grimy black around it. The day I moved in, I boldly left my 300-square-foot studio and walked the maze of Greenwich Village. The guy from 47F was going to show up that night, so the entire day stretched out before me without obligation or purpose. I wandered into Three Lives Bookstore to browse, into Café Reggio for a cappuccino, into the Third Street Bazaar and the Grand Union and every tiny store that sold earrings or posters or fruit or magazines. At some point on that journey, it felt as if all my cells settled into place, as if my body had shifted, rearranged itself, and I became exactly who I was supposed to be.
I will never leave here, I thought that June afternoon. That thought repeated itself almost daily as my first summer moved along. It was a very hot summer, relentlessly so. I would go to the Grand Union supermarket on Bleeker Street and stand in the frozen food section to cool off, or I would ride the Staten Island ferry for a nickel round-trip and stand at the front each way to catch a breeze thick with East River stench. On the Fourth of July, I joined the throngs on the closed FDR Drive to watch fireworks. I will never leave here, I thought as the neon colors exploded over the river.
What do you think, readers? Will you be checking out Goodbye to All That? What are you reading this week?
Last year, Jennifer duBois' debut novel, A Partial History of Lost Causes, was met with widespread acclaim—and she's just won a 2013 Whiting Writers Award. Her sophomore effort, Cartwheel—"loosely inspired" by the Amanda Knox case—tells the story of an American student in Buenos Aires who's arrested for murdering her roommate. One of the most compelling aspects of the book is that Lily's innocence (or guilt) is open to interpretation. (Read our interview with duBois about Cartwheel.)
We were curious about the books duBois has been reading lately, so we asked her to recommend three recent favorites:
RABID: A CULTURAL HISTORY OF THE WORLD'S MOST DIABOLICAL VIRUS
By Bill Wasik and Monica Murphy
Rabid maps the history of rabies—from its earliest depictions (and most dubious treatments), to its source as inspiration for the monsters of mythology and literature, to its modern defanging by the rabies vaccine. Part pop science, part cultural anthropology and part ghost story, Rabid is eminently readable and surprisingly funny—I read it like a person possessed.
By J.M. Coetzee
The "disgrace" in J.M. Coetzee’s Booker Prize-winning novel begins with the professional ruin of South African academic David Lurie, and grows far more harrowing from there. The prose throughout is elegant and restrained, and haunted at its edges by all that David does not see—but the book quickly teaches you that it is not afraid of ugliness, and that its gaze is keener than its characters’.
By Tom Grimes
This memoir draws a tender portrait of the late Frank Conroy, the award-winning author of Stop-Time and former director of the Iowa Writers’ Workshop, tracing his role in the author’s life—from formidable stranger to teacher to mentor to, finally, friend. Mentor offers a candid investigation of talent, and the mixed blessings that come with it.
What do you think, readers? Will you be checking out Cartwheel or any of duBois' recommended books?
• The 2013 National Book Awards finalists were announced this week, narrowing each category down from 10 to 5 contenders. The winners will be revealed on November 20. In the meantime, you can familiarize yourself with the books in the running by downloading free excerpts here.
• With Halloween right around the corner, we can't get enough of Flavorwire's amazing collection of photos of famous authors dressed up in costumes.
• Speaking of Halloween, if you like creepy stories, Byliner is offering up an exclusive new tale called "Devotion" by Maile Meloy. (Those who aren't Byliner subscribers can download the book for $1.99.)
• Bloomsbury is launching a new popular science imprint, Sigma, which will feature books on subjects such as evolutionary biology, astronomy, robotics, bioengineering and climatology. Inaugural titles publishing in October 2014 will include Sex on Earth by Jules Howard and The World's Smallest Mammoth by Victoria Herridge.
• What's the most famous book set in your state?
Although he became famous as an investigative reporter for the Washington Post, Carl Bernstein has signed a deal with Henry Holt to write a memoir titled The Washington Star, recalling his beginnings as a copy boy and reporter for Washington's afternoon newspaper in the early 1960s. "The capital and the country during that epoch were roiled by enormous political, cultural, and social changes; journalism was changing too, and Bernstein quickly came to understand that every good newspaperman was part truth-teller, part would-be savant, and, not incidentally, something of a huckster and scamp," Holt said in announcing the deal.
It's not the first time Bernstein—who teamed with Bob Woodward to break open the Watergate scandal—has been described as something of a scamp. He was said to be the basis for the philandering husband in the novel Heartburn, written by his ex-wife, the late Nora Ephron.
Still, Bernstein's look back at the long-gone era of newspapers in their heyday should cover some funny and fascinating territory. Just don't expect the book to be written on a reporter's deadline-driven schedule: The Washington Star isn't scheduled for publication until 2016.
It turns out that best-selling author Nathaniel Philbrick’s most recent book, Bunker Hill (recently praised by none other than Sting!), is actually the first in a planned Revolutionary War trilogy. His publisher, Viking, just announced the next two. First up in 2016 will be Saratoga, which will “recount how a country born of rebellion was nearly overwhelmed by the same mistrust of authority with which it had begun.” Yorktown will wrap up the trilogy in 2018, focusing on “the naval battle that makes possible the defeat of the British army at Yorktown in the fall of 1781.”
What say you, readers? It's going to be a bit of a wait until they come out, but are you looking forward to reading these next two from Philbrick?
Enthusiastic librarians from across the country cast their votes, and 10 books emerged victorious, garnering enough nods to land on the official LibraryReads October list, which features the new-in-October books that librarians are most eager to recommend. Coming in at the top is The Rosie Project, Graeme Simsion's engaging debut novel, a tale of unlikely love, which our reviewer says is, "a wacky, wonderful love story that is just plain fun to read." (Read our review here.)
Check out all 10 of the books on the LibraryReads October list. Which one are you most looking forward to reading?
The National Book Foundation continues their rollout of this year's contenders for the National Book Award with the longlist of books in the nonfiction category:
• Finding Florida: The True Story of the Sunshine State by T.D. Allman
• Facing the Wave: A Journey in the Wake of the Tsunami by Gretel Ehrlich
• The Wolf and the Watchman: A Father, a Son, and the CIA by Scott C. Johnson
• Hitler’s Furies: German Women in the Nazi Killing Fields by Wendy Lower
• The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America by George Packer
• The Internal Enemy: Slavery and War in Virginia, 1772-1832 by Alan Taylor
• Duke: A Life of Duke Ellington by Terry Teachout
• Going Clear: Scientology, Hollywood, and the Prison of Belief by Lawrence Wright
Which book are you rooting for?